1967, Vol.40, No.10


When n-valeric acid was treated with allyl diethyl phosphite and diethyl azodicarboxylate, allyl valeriate and diethyl N-(diethyl)phosphoryl hydrazodicarboxylate were obtained in good yields. Similarly ethyl benzoate was obtained in a nearly quantitative yield by the reaction of benzoic acid with triethyl phosphite and diethyl azodicarboxylate. The reaction of carboxylic acid with triphenyl phosphine and diethyl azodicarboxylate in the presence of an alcohol resulted in the formation of the corresponding esters of the carboxylic acid, triphenyl phosphine oxide, and diethyl hydrazodicarboxylate. The mechanisms of these reactions are also discussed.