2022, Vol.51, No.1


The C-terminal binding protein 2 (CtBP2) plays a role in apoptosis and embryogenesis. Genetic knockout studies have been demonstrated to cause severe developmental defects and embryonic lethality. CtBP2 has three key domains and dimerizes for a significant role by binding with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). However, the molecular mechanism of CtBP2 dimerization and the effect of NADH binding are unknown. In this study, we performed molecular dynamics (MD) and docking simulation to reveal the mechanism of C-terminal binding protein 2 (CtBP2) dimerization and the effect of NADH binding on the dimer formation. Our MD simulation results detected seven salt bridges that are important for CtBP2 dimerization. And docking simulation demonstrated that the holo-monomer gave a higher probability of correct docking pose than the apo-monomer. Moreover, in docking simulation using a PXDLS model peptide, that holo form gave more docking poses than that apo form. These results suggested that the holo form has a structure that facilitates the formation of dimers and the binding of PXDLS peptides.